Tropicalismo and Plattenbau

La Escuela Nueva

Florian Zeyfang, with Lisa Schmidt-Colinet, Alexander Schmoeger

One of the first and most important goals of the revolution in Cuba in 1959 was the idea of an education for all and thus the determined expansion of access to education. A new architecture was imagined to overcome disparities between the country and the city that had originated in pre-revolutionary feudalism. The underdevelopment of the rural regions was to be counteracted; the advancement of the population outside and inside the cities was to be harmonized. With this in mind, the first model schools were created in the 1960s, and a nationwide program was introduced in the 1970s, named “Schools in the field” (Escuelas en el campo). These boarding schools were meant to both teach students, and to involve them in the work of agricultural plantations (sugar, citrus, coffee and tobacco). As part of this program, around 350 new schools were built across the island.

For such an extensive program, a new approach to building had to be found. In connection with the increasingly pragmatic orientation of Cuban socialism during the late 1960s, a shift from an individualistic to a technologically determined architectural language can be observed. Standardized construction became the preferred method, using prefabricated components and overall floor plan solutions. The question was, what should an economical and otherwise efficient solution for a population that now consisted of nominallly equal individuals look like? Building systems that allowed mass production on an industrial scale seemed the most feasible way to go.

Starship 19: Apokolypse of the praktikal moment - Cover Nora Schultz
  1. Whales Nora Schultz
  2. John Boskovich John Boskovich
  3. Anonymus Place Nong Shoahua
  4. Plants and Fruits Rosa Aiello
  5. Freedom and control of others (including myself) Cornelia Herfurtner
  6. Art Crust of Spiritual Oasis in 5 chapters Jack Smith
  7. Talking with Elizabeth Ravn Julia Jung
  8. Entropic Delusional Culture Eric D. Clark
  9. How to tell a story? Francesca Drechsler
  10. A Visit from the Left Robert M. Ochshorn
  11. Lies don’t fact. On voices and fake news Mihaela Chiriac
  12. Unwirklichkeit und Wirklichkeit von sozialem Sadismus Stephan Janitzky
  13. things are scattered Max Schmidtlein
  14. Inferius Sorbilis Tinctura Elijah Burgher
  15. Looking like a human cat Stephanie Fezer, Vera Tollmann
  16. María Galindo Maria Galindo
  17. Introducing the parliament of bodies Paul B. Preciado
  18. Spukken trippen 2 Lars Bang Larsen
  19. Pieces and Masterpieces Jakob Kolding
  20. Still Lifes Vera Palme
  21. Nullerjahre Tenzing Barshee
  22. No Dandy, No Fun Hans-Christian Dany, Valérie Knoll
  23. Triplets Mark von Schlegell
  24. Kontaktlos ist nicht der Standard Ulla Rossek
  25. The Mythology of Modern Law David Bussel
  26. Another Fish Story Jay Chung
  27. A biographical interview with Huang Rui Ariane Müller, Huang Rui, Bei Dao, Mang Ke, Gu Cheng
  28. dp how many times Karl Holmqvist
  29. Save digital tech Mercedes Bunz
  30. Two dark patches Haytham El-Wardany
  31. Reflecting in Sizes Yuki Kimura
  32. Amazon Worker Cage Simon Denny
  33. La Escuela Nueva Florian Zeyfang, Lisa Schmidt-Colinet, Alexander Schmoeger
  34. I hope you keep in mind you and I are left behind Michèle Graf, Selina Grüter
  35. da ich nichts weiter tue als mich in mir umzutun Elisa R. Linn
  36. Basketcase part 1 Gerry Bibby
  37. A conversation between Daniel Herleth and Samuel Jeffery Daniel Herleth, Samuel Jeffery
  38. Dear Starship Julian Göthe
  39. The Boulders Amelie von Wulffen
  40. Other people's clothes Carter Frasier
  41. Damn Forest Mark van Yetter
  42. Imprint 19 Starship
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